VI Конвент Российской Ассоциации Международных Исследований (РАМИ)




Multilateral Institutions in World Politics

Chair: Dr. Mikhail Troitskiy, Associate Professor, Department of International Relations and Foreign Policy of Russia, MGIMO University, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Multilateral institutions play a multitude of roles in international politics. They usually embody long-term strategies of influential players. Great powers form institutions to enhance their own clout (NATO) or to lock other actors in an order that a great power seeks to perpetuate (GATT/WTO). Smaller states may create multilateral organisations to keep great powers at a distance (ASEAN). Alternatively, they may bandwagon with bigger actors seeking protection or economic assistance (CIS). Acute global challenges, such as a financial meltdown, energy supply crisis or dramatic consequences of climate change, may lead large groups of states to assemble in groupings that later evolve into tools of global governance (G8 or G20).

An increasing number of inter-governmental institutions are formed around ideas that have a global impact, such as the protection of human rights (Council of Europe), peaceful resolution of conflicts (OSCE) or the need to stem proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (IAEA). These and other ideas have long served as bases for international regimes. Some global challenges, such as international migration, are still awaiting the formation of collective management mechanisms through appropriate regimes.

While some multilateral institutions deteriorate, falling victim to the diverging interests of their participants or irrelevance of their initial underlying ideas, others mature into full-fledged collective defence arrangements, economic blocs or even successful integration projects. In any case, each organisation, once established, acquires its own institutional inertia that sometimes helps the organisation to adapt to the changing international environment and acquire new meaning for both its members and the broader international community.

The International Institutions Sections welcomes paper and panel proposals exploring the issues that include, but are not limited to:

— the role of great powers in international organizations. For example, does leadership in a defence bloc usually strengthen a state’s influence? Can it have an adverse effect on the leader’s international clout, becoming a liability rather than an asset?
— are the current international security arrangements, including key regimes as well as blocs, becoming stronger or weaker and why? Do the current trends in the international security environment unite or divide participants of such arrangements?
— how effective are multilateral institutions in resolving inter-state conflicts or managing transnational challenges?
— is global governance feasible in the contemporary world and what forms it can take in different areas?
— what are the main trends of institutional dynamic (that is, creation and collapse of institutions, their expansion or contraction) in Eurasia? Are the global powers — the United States, China and the European Union — succeeding in institution-building in their respective neighbourhoods as well as across the globe?

This Section welcomes any proposal dealing with the impact of institutions (regimes, organisations) on the global and regional politics or economy. We look forward to receiving your applications and guarantee due attention to each of the submitted proposals.

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